Meridian – Maritime




Greenhouse gas emissions

Future sailors: what will ships look like in 30 years?

Watch out for the return of the sailing ship. After a commitment last month to cut greenhouse gas emissions from shipping by at least 50% by 2050, the race is on to find new technologies that can green the 50,000-strong global shipping fleet. Wind power is one of the options being discussed. International shipping accounts for more than 2% of global carbon dioxide emissions, roughly the same as aircraft. But the 2015 Paris agreement to fight climate change left control of the shipping industry’s emissions to the International Maritime Organisation. While environment groups applauded the agreement to cut hard and deep by 2050, they pointed out that it falls far short what is technically achievable...



How to start building Maritime 4.0 applications?

How can a modern control system development platform ease your transition to Maritime 4.0 applications? The onshore digitalization wave with Industry 4.0, new technology and market trends are changing the requirements for maritime control systems. Market trends drives towards green technology, digitalization, improved efficiency, cost reduction, more reliable solutions, safer systems and more focus on life-cycle cost. Innovation in digitalization is also a way for Western-Europe and US suppliers to sustain and improve their competitiveness when facing lower labour costs and competition from Asia. The first “Marine 4.0” solutions are entering the market, these are mostly functional additions to existing solutions...



Analysis - Shipping 2030: technologies that will transform the industry

The Global Marine Technology Trends 2030 report, released in September, aims to shine a light on the transformative aspect of 18 technologies on ship design, naval power and the use of ocean space by 2030. Lloyd’s Register (LR), alongside QinetiQ and the University of Southampton, has created the Global Marine Technology Trends 2030 (GMTT 2030) report to ask ‘what’s next?’ in the maritime industry. GMTT 2030, which assessed 56 technologies before focusing on 18 specific technologies, identifies two areas: those that will transform ship design and building, and those that will impact safety, commercial and operational performance. “Shipping is likely to evolve quickly now,” said LR marine director Tom Boardley in September. “That evolution is likely to be uneven but while 2030 is not far away, we think that shipping is likely to have changed significantly.” Nick Brown, brand and external relations manager at LR, says: “It’s hard to say just one technology will transform the industry. Crucial is the interplay and overlap between the technology areas. For example, sensors providing data that can help transform ship operations. We can...



Emerging Technology Trends in Shipping and Maritime Industry

The technological revolution has already accelerated to another level and is now all set to elevate the Shipping Industry as well. As the recent times saw the entrance of some new technologies across the industry and few others are on their way to transform the operations of the maritime sector, let’s explore the upcoming technological advancements that hold the potential to transfigure the shipping and transportation industry. Blockchain - Decentralization has proved to be a boon and shipping industry is making most out it. By reducing the cost of transactions, Blockchain allows the parties involved in the supply chain to save time and money. In addition, the Blockchain technology will play a major role in reshaping the industry’s future by reducing the paper-work, connecting the parties directly and carrying out real-time exchanges of documents and transactions that too through a secured channel. Artificial Intelligence - AI is the new buzzword in the maritime sector. As the shipping industry is under a big transformation at a global level, Artificial Intelligence is already making things easier by seamlessly integrating new shipping logistics and communication technology to evolve the business model within the shipping industry. Further, with the help of new algorithms, the shipping industry can fully rely on AI for mitigating security risks and reduce the cost of operations to a great extent. Along with that, AI can help the maritime sector to respond to and work in accordance with the new environmental regulations and policies in a better way...



GM part of the CobraWind floating wind project

Global Maritime is acting as Marine Warranty Surveyor for the CobraWind floating Wind Project on behalf of Kincardine Offshore Wind Limited. We have been involved in the transport and installation of the subsea cable infrastructure, moorings and foundations/ Wind Turbine Generators (WTGs). GM Surveyor Alan Mundie recently attended the assembly of the WTG in Rotterdam aboard the floating foundation, for the approval of the lifting operations involved...



X-Press Pearl is slowly settling to the bottom (Sri Lanka Ports Authority)

The burnout-out containership X-Press Pearl is continuing to slowly settle to the bottom off Sri Lanka with the salvage and firefighting teams continuing to monitor the situation while the investigation into the disaster continues. The owners of their vessel also apologized for the disaster while defending the actions of the ship and its crew. A day after the stern of the X-Press Pearl came to rest on the seabed, the bow section of the vessel remains above water but also continues to slowly settle. Divers from the Sri Lanka Navy working with the salvage team from SMIT attempted to inspect the ship but they were forced to call off their efforts due to poor visibility underwater...



White House Bans U.S. Investment in World's Largest Shipbuilder

In an executive order issued Thursday, the Biden administration implemented a ban on all U.S. investment in four of China's biggest maritime companies - including China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC), the world's largest commercial shipbuilder and the linchpin of China's naval modernization effort. The new investment ban is intended to address "the threat posed by the military-industrial complex of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its involvement in military, intelligence, and security research and development programs . . . under the PRC's Military-Civil Fusion strategy," according to the order. It broadens an existing investment ban initiated by the Trump administration in late 2020.  Effective August 2, U.S. citizens may no longer hold securities in CSSC; China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), recently absorbed by CSSC; China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), China's primary offshore oil and gas developer; and China Communications Construction Corporation (CCCC), the infrastructure firm known for its "Belt and Road" overseas port projects. CCCC also played a key role in building China's string of militarized bases on reclaimed land in the Spratly Islands...



Sri Lanka Faces An Environmental Disaster

As A Ship Full Of Chemicals Starts Sinking

Smoke billows from the Singapore-registered container ship X-Press Pearl on Wednesday. The ship carries more than 80 containers of dangerous goods, including 25 tons of nitric acid. A cargo ship carrying chemicals and plastic pellets has been burning off the coast of Sri Lanka for nearly two weeks. Now, efforts to tow the ship to deeper waters have failed – and the boat's sinking looks increasingly likely. The ship, the X-Press Pearl, was carrying 1,486 containers. Eighty-one of those were dangerous goods containers, including 25 tons of nitric acid. At least one container has leaked nitric acid. Infrared footage over the weekend showed that the fire has mostly died out. X-Press Feeders, the cargo ship company, said Wednesday that it "regret[s] to report that despite salvors successfully boarding the vessel and attaching a tow wire, efforts to move the ship to deeper waters have failed." The ship's stern is now touching bottom, the company said. Members of the Sri Lankan navy remove debris washed ashore from the X-Press Pearl, which has been burning offshore of Colombo, Sri Lanka's capital, for nearly two weeks...



Large Iranian navy ship sinks after catching fire

Tehran, Iran – One of Iran’s largest navy ships has sunk after catching fire under unclear circumstances near the Strait of Hormuz. The Kharg, named after an island nearby that serves as a key oil terminal, caught fire in the early hours of Wednesday local time and more than 20 hours of rescue operations failed to save it, the army said. An image taken late at night showed crew in life jackets running away with a fire raging behind them. Another image, taken in daytime, showed heavy smoke billowing to the sky and fire still burning. Iran’s army also identified the Kharg as a “training ship” and confirmed there were almost 400 crew and trainees on board, before adding all of them were safely evacuated...



Closure of Marsden Point oil refinery set to be put to shareholder vote

Hundreds of jobs would be lost at the refinery if it closes, and more in ancillary businesses in the Northland region and elsewhere. Refining NZ has reached an “in principle” agreement with Z Energy on a deal that could see it close its Marsden Point oil refinery by the middle of next year and switch to importing refined fuels. The company has previously reached a similar agreement with fellow shareholder and customer BP, and Refining NZ said it could put the proposal to a shareholder vote before the end of September. A Refining NZ spokeswoman said the import terminal conversion proposal would need to be approved by 75 per cent of the votes cast. The First Union has estimated the closure of the refinery and a switch to a model where Refining NZ will import pre-refined fuels would cost about 1100 jobs in Northland, including hundreds of jobs at the refinery itself...



There Was a Serious Fire at the Marina Kastela in Croatia

Five 20m boats were completely destroyed and eighteen were damaged on Saturday night at Marina Kastela. The fire started around 8:30 pm on one of the yachts in the marina. Crew members attempted to put out the fire but were unsuccessful. "It was terrible; I've never seen a fire like this before. That yacht caught fire and, unfortunately, it ended up completely in flames. Everyone scattered in all directions and, believe me, it looked like a state of war. People were screaming, jumping for help, and then it suddenly grew even larger. That burning ship broke free from where it was moored and the flames quickly engulfed the other yachts. Plastic was burning, and the oil derivatives in them as well probably, so it’s not surprising that there was so much black smoke," reported Total Croatia News, quoting a witness...



IMO Safety Committee Addresses Reporting for Containers Lost at Sea

Responding to the dramatic increase in the loss of containers at sea in the past year, the Maritime Safety Committee of the International Maritime Organization discussed the issue at its recent meeting. Agreeing that the loss of containers at sea represents a potential danger to maritime safety and is a threat to the environment, the IMO’s MSC took initial actions focusing on detecting and reporting lost containers. The IMO said that it will also work to address efforts to prevent the loss of containers and restore confidence in container shipping practices. The committee raised a range of concerns during its discussion that focused on the loss of over 3,500 containers over the past few months in the Pacific Ocean. The One Apus was the most dramatic loss with the vessel’s representatives reporting that over 1,800 boxes were lost into the Pacific on November 30 due to what they said was high seas. Inspectors and analysts for cargo claims consultants WK Webster reported that out of the 22 bays on deck, only six appeared to have survived intact. With 20 rows per bay and with stack heights of 6-8 tiers, Webster estimated that approximately 2,250 containers were potentially impacted. Since the vessel was mostly carrying 40-foot boxes, Webster noted that it was equivalent to approximately 4,500 TEUs. It took nearly four months for the vessel to recover and return to service...



Over 1,000 Containers Have Fallen Overboard This Year

Containers piled high on giant vessels carrying everything from car tires to smartphones are toppling over at an alarming rate, sending millions of dollars of cargo sinking to the bottom of the ocean as pressure to speed deliveries raises the risk of safety errors. The shipping industry is seeing the biggest spike in lost containers in seven years. More than 3,000 boxes dropped into the sea last year, and more than 1,000 have fallen overboard so far in 2021. The accidents are disrupting supply chains for hundreds of U.S. retailers and manufacturers such as Amazon and Tesla. There are a host of reasons for the sudden rise in accidents. Weather is getting more unpredictable, while ships are growing bigger, allowing for containers to be stacked higher than ever before. But greatly exacerbating the situation is a surge in e-commerce after consumer demand exploded during the pandemic, increasing the urgency for shipping lines to deliver products as quickly as possible. “The increased movement of containers means that these very large containerships are much closer to full capacity than in the past,” said Clive Reed, founder of Reed Marine Maritime Casualty Management Consultancy. “There is commercial pressure on the ships to arrive on time and consequently make more voyages.” Lost at Sea...



Your lost shipment could be trashing a beach thousands of miles away

Hundreds, sometimes thousands, of cargo containers become lost at sea yearly.

By Shaena Montanari - As hundreds of millions of shipping containers criss-cross the oceans on a yearly basis, not all of them make it to their final destination. Hundreds, or even thousands, of cargo containers become lost at sea in the process, and the contents of their containers spill out into the ocean. While this isn’t a major source of marine plastic pollution, an estimated more than 10,000 metric tons of plastic may enter the ocean this way. Those ‘nature is healing’ memes stem from a problematic take on environmentalism. This year an estimated 1,000 containers have fallen off ships into the ocean already, which is the biggest spike the industry has seen in seven years. Heavier items tend to sink to the bottom of the sea, but lighter cargo like Nike shoes and bath toys sometimes float. Thousands of tons of cargo have gone overboard and then washed up on coastlines far from where those orders were placed, even in some remote places. Curious researchers at the University of Plymouth in the United Kingdom tracked what happens to these container losses at sea, where the goods finally ended up, and how the lost treasure broke down into the environment. They harnessed the power of social media to aid their study of a container filled with thousands of plastic HP printer cartridges that fell into the northern Atlantic Ocean east of New York in early 2014. The cartridges subsequently started washing up on beaches in the Azores about 2,000 miles away months later...



Record LNG bunkering for dual-fuel crane ship

By John Snyder - Supplying over 3,000 tonnes of LNG, Amsterdam-based Titan LNG completed the largest LNG bunkering to date for Dutch marine contractor Heerema Marine Contractors’ new dual-fuel crane ship Sleipnir - The world’s largest semi-submersible crane vessel with a length overall of 220 m and beam of 102 m, Sleipnir was built by Sembcorp Marine in Singapore and delivered to Heerema Marine Contractors (HMC). Sleipner has 12 four-stroke MAN 8L51/60DF engines that can burn either low-sulphur marine gas oil (MGO) or LNG. The vessel can carry about 8,000 m3 of LNG in an IMO Type-C LNG fuel tank. Titan LNG chief executive Niels den Nijs said, “It was a complex project to supply this eight-legged innovative crane vessel Sleipner”. Mr den Nijs said Pavilion Gas, SLNG, Anthony Veder and Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement supported the operation. “Titan LNG looks forward to supplying Heerema with more LNG in the future to fulfil our mission of lowering harmful emissions of the marine and industrial sector”, he said. HMC chief executive Koos-Jan van Brouwershaven said sustainability was part of the company’s DNA and that “this specific project of bunkering LNG is proof of this ambition. We are very pleased to work together with Dutch Company Titan LNG, since it provided us with good solutions for bunkering, in Singapore as well as in Spain”...



Shipyard Transporters - The global standard

Shipyard transporters by KAMAG Transporttechnik have proven their worth for decades and work hard in constant operation - with payloads of up to 1,300 tonnes. By combining several vehicles, even greater loads can be transported. The precise steering response, sensitive drive and the powerful lifting hydraulics make shipyard transporters by KAMAG Transporttechnik an indispensable element of cost-effective and functional logistics in the shipbuilding industry. A steering angle of 165 degrees in both directions makes shipyard transporters from KAMAG Transporttechnik very manoeuvrable even where space is limited. This is particularly important when several vehicles are combined and moved in a confined area...



Keel Laid for Jan De Nul's Les Alizés Offshore Installation Vessel

China's CMHI Haimen shipyard last Thursday hosted the keel laying ceremony for Jan De Nul's heavy lift crane vessel Les Alizés. Les Alizés, ordered in November 2019, will mainly be used for the construction of offshore wind farms, but will also be suitable for decommissioning offshore oil and gas platforms. Together with the Voltaire, for which the keel was laid March, Les Alizés will be in a super-size class of its own, capable of building the newest generation of offshore wind farms. According to the owner, the Les Alizés will be able to load out, transport, and install multiple units of the largest and heaviest wind turbine foundations. In addition, as a crane vessel that floats, it will be able to install heavier and larger foundations into deeper waters and in more challenging seabed conditions. Les Alizés, that will be ready in 2022, is specifically designed for loading, transporting, lifting and installing offshore wind turbine foundations. The main features are the main crane of 5,000 tons, a deck loading capacity of 61,000 tons, and a deck space of 9,300 m˛. The vessel will be, according to Jan De Nul, equipped with several...



Indonesia to ramp up submarine fleet in response to Chinese incursions

Jakarta  ,  In response to repeated Chinese incursions into its waters, Indonesia   aims to expand its submarine fleet by as much as triple its current line up to 12 vessels, according to multiple defence sources. Jakarta is also seeking to ramp up its fleet of corvettes and has deployed five submarines, but lost one, the KRI Nanggala-402, reported Nikkei Asia. Though Indonesia   ranks third in the world with the area of waters that fall under its exclusive economic zone, the size of its submarine fleet lags behind countries like Japan, which ranks sixth and has 20 vessels. This comes after the Indonesian submarine that went missing off Bali with 53 crew members on board sunk last month, killing all crewmen. "There is no hope of finding survivors among the 53 crew members aboard," said an official...



Advanced green ship technology

becomes winning strategy for Korean shipbuilders

Dual fuel engine has been the secret weapon behind South Korean shipbuilders’ red-hot winning streak in global ship orders and will likely feed their heyday for some time. The bulk of new orders Korean shipbuilders brought home this year have been in multi-fuel capable of running on either bunker C oil or liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering has clinched orders for 20 dual fuel vessels, which take up 80 percent of the new orders bagged so far this year. The shipbuilder has already achieved 33 percent of its annual target of $7.7 billion. Dual fuel carriers also accounted for 40 percent, or 43 of new 107 ship orders for Korea and Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering and 36 percent for Samsung Heavy Industries...


Meridian Maritime May 2021


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